Living alone is many things. It is liberating, sometimes it is lonely, every once in a while it is scary, but at the end of the day, you are alone. Being by yourself is most certainly a factor in security. But have no fear, because the AAA Blog is here. We will be talking about some of the most important safety tips for people living alone. With these protections, you can be a little more at ease when you hear something go bump in the night. Most people are terrified of having their home invaded, but sometimes this fear blinds us to the less exciting threats. Things like personal injury or health-related immobilization while in the home are large threats to people living by themselves. If you fall in the shower or have a stroke, help needs to be on the horizon. We will be talking about security that buys you the time you need to fend off criminals, and protections that limit the time you are spending without assistance.
1. Get a Dog
This is not simply about companionship, and no a cat will not work. You need a dog. There is a reason that you will find this advice all over the internet. The reason is that it is true. A dog is like a roommate that is always home, and when they are home they are not eating the food you put your name on from the refrigerator or stealing your stuff. Just having a dog decreases the likelihood of your property being targeted by criminals. An alarm system only does so much, and many criminals know how to disarm these units. What you are looking for in a good security dog is an alarm that cannot be shut off. The dog does not need to be aggressive, but it should bark when strangers approach. This will also help with feelings of isolation because having a dog actually makes people feel better. If you do not have space or time to properly care for an animal then, unfortunately, this method will not work for you. Make sure that you can keep up with the commitments required for taking care of an animal.
2. Create a Safety Net
Make sure that your close and trusted friends know your routine. In that same vein, make sure they are alerted when you are deviating from your reliable plans. Keeping people informed will make it easier for you to receive help if you are injured or detained. People checking in on you is a perfect safety net against the catastrophic fallout of household injury. The individuals that you are close to don’t need to be physically close to you, either. As we have already talked about, in the dawn of the digital age, you security net can be in a different state or country. Statistically, this is a larger problem for men living alone. Men that live alone are more likely to become isolated because they lack the drive to maintain social groups. Social media has made it easier to stay connected, and this is helping younger men, but older men are still at risk. Although women are more likely to outage men and, therefore, more likely to live alone, studies show that they are less likely to become isolated. This is true due to the fact that women maintain social relationships better. Keep it up
3. Don’t Advertise Your Living Arrangement
This is not the same as being cagey. It is just not necessary for you to vocally proclaim that you are indeed living alone. With this information, a criminal is more likely to target you. It may be as horrific as a home invasion or as calculated as waiting for you to leave just to burgle your home. The more available the information is that you are living alone, the less control you will have over who knows. Telling an acquaintance at work, may lead to them telling someone else, and so on and so forth until there is a whole network of people that are aware of you domestic dealings (without you knowing they know).
In an apartment setting, it is best to remove any signs that denote your single living. Any public area where you need to list your name, such as outside your door or on a mailbox, use your last name followed by residence. For example “Goodman Residence” gives a completely different image than “Ralph Goodman”. There is no reason that strangers or untrustworthy people should know that you are the sole resident of your home. You cannot always control who knows, but you can surely make sure that you are not actively advertising it.
4. Utilize a House Sitter
A house sitter can be many things. It can be someone that spends a few hours in the home or someone that sleeps there. It all depends on how long you will be gone. At the end of the day, it is just a person that is in your home when you are not. If you have animals, a house sitter will also be invaluable because if you have pets their safety should be a priority. The amount of time humans are in your house decreases the number of openings a burglar has to steal from you.
The reasons that most thieves are going to be deterred from robbing an occupied house are numerous. The largest of the reasons
5. Close Curtains/Blinds at Night
It is best to obscure the inside of your residence at night. Once the sun is no longer out you will have to use your interior lights. At this point, your lights will make it very difficult to see the outside from the inside, while also making it very easy for anyone outside to look in. Whatever your routine becomes, make sure it is maintained. Criminals often observe neighbourhoods and homes, looking for changes in the routine that they can recognize as signs of absence. So if you are spending the night somewhere other than your home, you will need to have the windows in a way that is consistent with you being home. This might mean that your blinds remain closed all day if you are not planning to return home. Most people find it much easier to keep blinds closed frequently, and only open them on occasions. It sacrifices appearance for convenient security. Also consider not getting in the habit of closing curtains when you are leaving, and having them open when you are home. This will tell any thief that is watching that closed blinds mean you are away.
6. Shut Windows
Not everyone can have the AC blasting late into the night, and an open window can really do the trick. With that being said, you do not need every window open. An open window is an open invitation to a thief. Most criminals are lazy. They want quick access, with the least effort expended. An open window might be just enough to make a criminal choose to rob your house over another. Windows that must be left open for ventilation should have precautions to raise alarm. Open windows should be either near the place where you are sleeping or as far from it as possible. This decision should be based upon your comfortability with physical confrontation. The price of doing the most to avoid a violent altercation is the investment in an air conditioning unit. Similar to Tip 5, it is good practice to make sure that your routine cannot be used to gather that you are not home.
7. Find Out Who Has Keys
If you are moving into a new place make sure that you reach out to a locksmith so new locks can be installed. At the very least, rekey all existing locks, and change out any padlocks already in use. If you have a super or landlord that has a master key, ask about their plans for key control. This step is about making sure that there are not unknown individuals with the keys to your home. If the locks were not changed after the last tenant left, it is very necessary to change them. Regardless of whether the previous tenant had returned their keys, you should update your locks. Rekeying is the minimum level of security. Changing the locks entirely, and making sure the new locks are a different brand is better. If you stay with the older brand, those that once had access to the lock could very easily modify their copy into a bump key.
8. Upgrade Your Locks
If you own your home or your renter’s agreement allows you to upgrade your locks, do it. In order to save some money, you can opt to not change all the hardware. The most important part of the door lock is the core. If you can replace the core of your existing lock with a higher security lock core, your protection will benefit greatly. Most criminals do not pick locks, but there is a very low skill required to open most of the hardware that you can pick up from a big box store (stores like Builders Warehouse, Mica, Pick n Pay, etc.). For a few extra Rands, and some installation time, upgrading your locks can be one of the simplest precautions and ways of upgrading your home security.
9. Security Doors
Buying a security door is an additional level of protection to your home. Think of it as a door, for your door. These products are usually made of a metal screen, which will obscure the resident of the home while still making it possible to see the person outside. Security doors vary in protection. Some are quite vulnerable to kicking attacks, due to a lack of weld or
10. Change Locks If You Lose a Key
If a key goes missing, it is best to call a locksmith change your locks immediately. This is similar to the idea with key control. It is a precaution based on exposure to risk. I would say that the level of action you should take depends on where you can last remember having your keys. If the last place you remember having your keys, is your home, your risk is less than say, in your car. The most alarming place to lose your keys would be in a public place. The greater the risk that our keys will be found by a stranger, the greater the precautions you should take with your locks. Changing the locks is better than simply rekeying the existing lock, but if you just believe the key may be misplaced, rekeying is a fine precaution. You should still rekey your lock even if you think you may find the key because someone that is not you may find it before you.
11. Know Your Neighbours
In some cases, you might be living so close to your neighbours that you are essentially roommates. It is best to know who these people are. Of course, we would all love for our neighbours to be cool people that we could hang out with and trust with a spare key (leaving duplicate keys with your neighbours can come in handy during a house or car lockout), but it rarely plays out that way. Even if you cannot befriend them, or simply don’t wish to try, it is good to know about them. Be as friendly as you can, within the realm of your own comfortability.
Knowing what the people that live close to you are up to can help to quell the fears you might have, or confirm them. In this case, as well as many others, knowledge is power. If your property is broken into it helps if you can give the police some knowledge of the area, which could mean directing them to a neighbour or keeping them from wasting time investigating them. Knowing your neighbours will also make you more aware of strangers on, or around the premises.
12. Be Smart With Spare Keys
Spare keys are ideal for preventing home lockouts, but they do raise certain security concerns. The more keys out in the world that can open your lock, the greater your risk is for having your safety compromised. Being smart with your spare keys comes down to choosing where to place them. It is not a great idea to just leave keys out in the open. Obvious, and, therefore, bad, hiding places include under mats and in fake rocks. There are creative ways to place keys.
They can be behind a fence in the backyard, out of public view (still not in a fake rock or under a mat). It is best to change the location you keep the key after using it, so anyone that may have seen you access the key cannot find it. Just be aware that leaving a key unattended will increase the risk of a home break-in. If you are giving a spare key to a person, make sure that they can be trusted not only with entry to your home but also to be smart with the key. If they lose it, your protection is compromised and you do not have a key for emergencies.
13. Lock Doors When You are Preoccupied
It is fine to leave the doors in your house unlocked, as long as
14. Secure Your Garage
If your home has an electric garage door then this is a major vulnerability. If you look on the inside of your garage, there should be a track spanning from the garage door to the motor. On this track, there is a moving metal piece that slides along the track and connects to the door. This part of the garage door is known as the trolley. On the trolley, there should be a rope (often red). Pulling this rope will disengage the door from the automation of the motor, and allow for the garage door to rise and fall manually. Due to this design, almost any person can open your garage from the outside with a basic wire coat hanger.
There are several easy do it yourself remedies for this. The easiest solution is to use a cable tie and loop it around the release latch so that it cannot separate enough to disengage the door. With a hard enough tug, the cable tie will break, so you still have access for emergencies. Another thing you could do is fasten a plank, or piece of metal to obscure the opening on the garage door that the coat hanger would fit through. To do this screw or nail the plank so that it is angled. Make sure you are fastening the plank into the garage door in a way that will not have it grind on the wall. This also allows you to keep the rope accessible for emergencies.
15. Trust Your Instincts
Trusting your instincts is not the same as being ruled by them. If you are concerned that a large sound is a person trying to break in, get up and investigate it. Turn lights on. Take a look around the perimeter of your property. If you are very concerned, take shelter and call the Police. In an extreme situation, try to get out of the house and seek refuge with a neighbour. Do not be scared, take action. You are living alone, so there is no need to worry about waking anyone up (unless you are loud enough to wake the neighbours).
This also goes for more trivial concerns. If you notice that your door sticks making it not easy to lock, take action on that thought. When there is a part of your security that demands a special amount of attention in order to use it properly, mistakes will be made. Things that might seem even less important are things like sliding in the shower, but they are not. If your shower gets very slippery, get some traction pads. If a step is loose, and you almost trip, fix the step. You need to act as soon as your instinct tells you there is a problem. Not being ruled by that instinct allows you to make the informed decision on how to remedy a problem.
When lights are not on, it makes it very difficult to see. It would also be impractical to always have outside lights on, just on the off chance that a burglar will show up. The compromise is a motion sensor light. Personally, I will also keep the porch light on, the entire night. This just provides light to the area of the house most likely to be targeted. Flashlights also come in handy. If the lights are out in an emergency, it is not always safe to move around your house without any light. The same natural disaster that knocked out the power could have also caused
17. Alarms With and Without Service
Alarm services vary quite greatly in the protections they offer. The best type of alarm will use a cell signal to message out to the alarm company, yourself, and your neighbours. That is informing
18. Practical Landscaping
Criminals do not want to be seen. We talked in Tip 16 about how light is a great deterrent, but if there is a place to hide, illumination will not matter. The simple rule to follow is to keep your shrubs/bushes low and keep your tree branches high. How high? This depends on the height of your windows. Make sure that your bushes are below the bottom of the windows, and trees are trimmed above the top of the windows. This will give you a clear line of site from each of your vantage points. Bushes and shrubs should also not have enough space to walk behind. If a person can walk behind the foliage, then this will prevent passers-by from raising an alarm. If your neighbour is not trimming their landscape, this may also be a problem. A bush that rests on someone else’s property is outside of your right to maintain, but it is not outside of a criminal’s ability to use. If you were successful with Tip 11, there is a chance that the people that live around you can be convinced of the benefits practical landscaping offers. Always remember to be courteous and calm when asking for favours. Offering to do the work yourself may be seen as a win-win for both people, but others might take
19. Panic Room on a Budget
Panic rooms provide an area inside the home, in case egress is blocked. This type of room does not need to be some high-tech fortress. At a low cost, you can make an existing room in your house panic ready, without making it exclusively a panic room. Simply invest in a solid core door, and secure it. Install a deadbolt, and keep a cellphone and a charger in the room. Now you have bought yourself some time, and created a way to notify the authorities if the phone lines go down. Because you will be using a cell phone, the most important thing is that your improvised panic room will have reception. The phone you keep in that room can also be an older model that you no longer use, that way you will not
20. Making Noise
Besides a dog, an actual alarm, or using a phone to call for help, there are more ways to request assistance. Gravel around the property will make the burglar’s approach less stealthy. Whistles can be physical if you are unable to whistle or unable to whistle very loudly. Sports whistles will be your best option because they produce the highest decibel count. When you are whistling, it is best to be by a window or outside to keep the sound from being insulated. Make sure that you give three short loud bursts, stop, and begin again (relatively universal distress signal). Your voice will not last as long, and will not carry as far, but if you have no other option, shouting can be used. Be sure that when you are screaming that you yell “fire” and not “help”.
There are some articles that will tell you that is not effective, but they fail to see the social taboo of yelling fire. Perhaps it is not true that bystanders are more likely to assist in a fire than they are in a physical altercation, but that is not why a person in South Africa is going to perk up. Kids are always screaming. People yell for help jokingly, but yelling “fire” is a serious offence, so that means that it is an emergency. “Help” is just too overused, and runs the risk of “the boy who cried wolf” situation.
What security always comes down to is decreasing risk and vulnerability, while increasing the risk for any would-be criminals. It comes down to being aware of your surroundings, and being mindful of the reality of your situation. Talking about security can very often feel like scare tactics. If you are concerned with any of these threats, you should know what to do. However, you should not feel more at risk as a result of this article. Security can always be better, and it is human nature to postpone the things in life that do not matter at the moment a decision needs to be made. Be smart with your security. Be proactive with your planning and strategy. And be practical with your assessment. Beyond the threat of violence and theft, consider the mundane concerns of single living. Whatever your fears may be, do not let them cripple you. This article is intended for education and should not be used for illegal activity. Be safe.